Document
Table of Contents -- Click here to rapidly navigate through this document


 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
x QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2018
OR
o TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from to
Commission File Number 000-55409
http://api.tenkwizard.com/cgi/image?quest=1&rid=23&ipage=12398054&doc=10
QVC, Inc.
(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)
State of Delaware
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
23-2414041
(I.R.S. Employer Identification Number)
 
 
1200 Wilson Drive
West Chester, Pennsylvania
(Address of principal executive offices)
19380
(Zip Code)
Registrant's telephone number, including area code: (484) 701-1000
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports) and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes x No o

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer," "smaller reporting company" and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer o
Accelerated filer o
Non-accelerated filer x
Smaller reporting company o
Emerging growth company o
(do not check if smaller reporting company)
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. o
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes o No x

None of the voting stock of the registrant is held by a non-affiliate of the registrant. There is no publicly traded market for any class of voting stock of the registrant. There is one holder of record of our equity, Liberty QVC Holding, LLC, an indirect wholly-owned subsidiary of Qurate Retail, Inc.
 




QVC, Inc.
2018 QUARTERLY REPORT ON FORM 10-Q


Table of Contents


 
Part I
Page
 
 
 
Item 1.
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
 
 
 
 
Part II
 
Item 6.
 
 
 
 


Table of Contents



Item 1. Financial Statements
QVC, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(unaudited)
 
June 30,

December 31,

(in millions, except share amounts)
2018

2017

Assets
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
485

260

Restricted cash
8

8

Accounts receivable, less allowance for doubtful accounts of $86 at June 30, 2018 and $91 at December 31, 2017
896

1,388

Inventories
1,038

1,019

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
114

51

Total current assets
2,541

2,726

Property and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation of $1,239 at June 30, 2018 and $1,174 at December 31, 2017
979

1,005

Television distribution rights, net
106

78

Goodwill
5,062

5,075

Other intangible assets, net
2,591

2,605

Other noncurrent assets
60

61

Total assets
$
11,339

11,550

Liabilities and equity


Current liabilities:


Current portion of debt and capital lease obligations
$
417

17

Accounts payable-trade
596

756

Accrued liabilities
651

872

Total current liabilities
1,664

1,645

Long-term portion of debt and capital lease obligations
4,623

5,173

Deferred income taxes
476

473

Other long-term liabilities
119

117

Total liabilities
6,882

7,408

Equity:


QVC, Inc. stockholder's equity:


Common stock, $0.01 par value, 1 authorized share


Additional paid-in capital
7,050

6,897

Accumulated deficit
(2,583
)
(2,772
)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(121
)
(93
)
Total QVC, Inc. stockholder's equity
4,346

4,032

Noncontrolling interest
111

110

Total equity
4,457

4,142

Total liabilities and equity
$
11,339

11,550


See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

I-1

Table of Contents


QVC, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
(unaudited)
 
Three months ended June 30,
 
Six months ended June 30,
 
(in millions)
2018

2017

2018

2017

Net revenue
$
2,083

1,979

4,176

3,944

Operating costs and expenses:
 
 
 
 
Cost of goods sold (exclusive of depreciation and amortization shown separately below)
1,286

1,230

2,606

2,473

Operating
144

137

289

274

Selling, general and administrative, including transaction related costs and stock-based compensation
209

152

417

309

Depreciation
36

37

74

78

Amortization
38

117

77

233


1,713

1,673

3,463

3,367

Operating income
370

306

713

577

Other (expense) income:
 
 
 
 
Equity in losses of investee
(2
)
(1
)
(1
)
(3
)
Interest expense, net
(58
)
(56
)
(115
)
(111
)
Foreign currency gain (loss)
2

(8
)
1

(10
)

(58
)
(65
)
(115
)
(124
)
Income before income taxes
312

241

598

453

Income tax expense
(76
)
(90
)
(155
)
(167
)
Net income
236

151

443

286

Less net income attributable to the noncontrolling interest
(11
)
(10
)
(22
)
(21
)
Net income attributable to QVC, Inc. stockholder
$
225

141

421

265


See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

I-2

Table of Contents


QVC, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income
(unaudited)
 
Three months ended June 30,
 
Six months ended June 30,
 
(in millions)
2018

2017

2018

2017

Net income
$
236

151

443

286

Foreign currency translation adjustments, net of tax
(96
)
55

(26
)
82

Total comprehensive income
140

206

417

368

Comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interest
(6
)
(8
)
(24
)
(25
)
Comprehensive income attributable to QVC, Inc. stockholder
$
134

198

393

343


See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

I-3

Table of Contents


QVC, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(unaudited)
 
Six months ended June 30,
 
(in millions)
2018

2017

Operating activities:
 
 
Net income
$
443

286

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:




Equity in losses of investee
1

3

Deferred income taxes
3

(54
)
Foreign currency (gain) loss
(1
)
10

Depreciation
74

78

Amortization
77

233

Change in fair value of financial instruments and noncash interest
3

3

Stock-based compensation
20

14

Change in other long-term liabilities
2

(1
)
Effects of changes in working capital items
31

91

Net cash provided by operating activities
653

663

Investing activities:
 
 
Capital expenditures
(68
)
(44
)
Expenditures for television distribution rights
(61
)
(29
)
Changes in other noncurrent assets

(1
)
Net cash used in investing activities
(129
)
(74
)
Financing activities:
 
 
Principal payments of debt and capital lease obligations
(1,448
)
(1,406
)
Principal borrowings of debt from senior secured credit facility
1,278

1,094

Capital contribution received from Qurate Retail, Inc.
140


Dividends paid to Qurate Retail, Inc.
(243
)
(233
)
Dividends paid to noncontrolling interest
(23
)
(22
)
Other financing activities
(7
)
(9
)
Net cash used in financing activities
(303
)
(576
)
Effect of foreign exchange rate changes on cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash
4

10

Net increase in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash
225

23

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, beginning of period
268

294

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, end of period
$
493

317

Effects of changes in working capital items:
 
 
Decrease in accounts receivable
$
491

415

Increase in inventories
(50
)
(105
)
Increase in prepaid expenses and other current assets
(64
)
(14
)
Decrease in accounts payable-trade
(160
)
(80
)
Decrease in accrued liabilities and other
(186
)
(125
)
Effects of changes in working capital items
$
31

91


See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

I-4

Table of Contents


QVC, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statement of Equity
(unaudited)
 
Common stock
Additional paid-in capital

Accumulated deficit

Accumulated other
comprehensive loss

Noncontrolling interest

Total equity

(in millions, except share data)
Shares

Amount

Balance, December 31, 2017
1

$

6,897

(2,772
)
(93
)
110

4,142

Prior period adjustments due to adoption of new accounting pronouncements



13



13

Net income



421


22

443

Foreign currency translation adjustments, net of tax




(28
)
2

(26
)
Capital contribution received from Qurate Retail, Inc.


140




140

Dividends paid to Qurate Retail, Inc. and noncontrolling interest and other



(243
)

(23
)
(266
)
Impact of tax liability allocation and indemnification agreement with Qurate Retail, Inc.



(2
)


(2
)
Withholding taxes on net share settlements of stock-based compensation


(7
)



(7
)
Stock-based compensation


20




20

Balance, June 30, 2018
1

$

7,050

(2,583
)
(121
)
111

4,457


See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

I-5

Table of Contents
QVC, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(unaudited)


(1) Basis of Presentation
QVC, Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries ("QVC" or the "Company") is a retailer of a wide range of consumer products, which are marketed and sold primarily by merchandise-focused televised shopping programs, the Internet and mobile applications.
In the United States ("U.S."), QVC's televised shopping programs, including live and recorded content, are broadcast across multiple channels nationally on a full-time basis, including QVC, QVC2 and Beauty iQ. The Company's U.S. programming is also available on QVC.com, QVC's U.S. website; mobile applications via streaming video; over-the-air broadcasters; and over-the-top content platforms (Roku, Apple TV, Facebook, etc.).
QVC believes that the Company's digital platforms complement the Company's televised shopping programs by allowing consumers to purchase a wide assortment of goods offered on QVC's televised programs, as well as other products that are available only on the Company's digital platforms. The Company views e-commerce as a natural extension of the Company's business, allowing the Company to stream live video and offer on-demand video segments of items recently presented live on QVC's televised programs. The Company's digital platforms allow shoppers to browse, research, compare and perform targeted searches for products, control the order-entry process and conveniently access their QVC account.
QVC's international televised shopping programs, including live and recorded content, are distributed to households outside of the U.S., primarily in Germany, Austria, Japan, the United Kingdom ("U.K."), the Republic of Ireland, Italy and France. In some of the countries where QVC operates, QVC's televised shopping programs are broadcast across multiple QVC channels: QVC Beauty & Style and QVC2 in Germany and QVC Beauty, QVC Extra and QVC Style in the U.K. The programming created for most of these markets is also available via streaming video on QVC's digital platforms. QVC's international business employs product sourcing teams who select products tailored to the interests of each local market.
The Company's Japanese operations ("QVC-Japan") are conducted through a joint venture with Mitsui & Co., LTD ("Mitsui"). QVC-Japan is owned 60% by the Company and 40% by Mitsui. The Company and Mitsui share in all profits and losses based on their respective ownership interests. During the six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, QVC-Japan paid dividends to Mitsui of $23 million and $22 million, respectively.
The Company also has a joint venture with CNR Media Group, formerly known as China Broadcasting Corporation, a limited liability company owned by China National Radio (''CNR''). The Company owns a 49% interest in a CNR subsidiary, CNR Home Shopping Co., Ltd. (''CNRS''). CNRS operates a retail business in China through a shopping television channel with an associated website. This joint venture is accounted for as an equity method investment recorded as equity in losses of investee in the condensed consolidated statements of operations.
The Company is an indirect wholly-owned subsidiary of Qurate Retail, Inc. ("Qurate Retail") (formerly Liberty Interactive Corporation) (Nasdaq: QRTEA and QRTEB), which owns interests in a broad range of digital commerce businesses, including Qurate Retail's other wholly-owned subsidiaries HSN, Inc. ("HSN") and zulily, llc ("zulily"), as well as other minority investments. QVC is part of the Qurate Retail Group, formerly QVC Group, a portfolio of brands including QVC, HSN, zulily and the Cornerstone brands. On March 9, 2018, Qurate Retail, GCI Liberty, Inc. ("GCI Liberty") (formerly General Communication, Inc.), an Alaska corporation, and Liberty Interactive LLC, a Delaware limited liability company and a direct wholly-owned subsidiary of Qurate Retail completed transactions whereby Qurate Retail acquired GCI Liberty through a reorganization in which certain assets and liabilities attributed to Qurate Retail’s Ventures Group were contributed to GCI Liberty in exchange for a controlling interest in GCI Liberty. Qurate Retail then effected a tax-free separation of its controlling interest in the combined company. Qurate Retail's QVC Group common stock became the only outstanding common stock of Qurate Retail.

I-6

Table of Contents
QVC, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (continued)
(unaudited)

On October 1, 2015, Qurate Retail acquired all of the outstanding shares of zulily (now known as zulily, llc). zulily is an online retailer offering customers a fun and entertaining shopping experience with a fresh selection of new product styles launched each day for a limited time period. The Company believes that its business is complementary to the Company. zulily is not part of the results of operations or financial position of QVC presented in these condensed consolidated financial statements. During each of the six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, QVC and zulily engaged in multiple transactions relating to personnel, sales, sourcing of merchandise, marketing initiatives and business advisory services. The gross value of these transactions totaled approximately $5 million for each of the six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, which did not have a material impact on QVC's financial position, results of operations, or liquidity.
On June 23, 2016, QVC amended and restated its senior secured credit facility (the "Third Amended and Restated Credit Agreement") increasing the revolving credit facility from $2.25 billion to $2.65 billion as explained further in note 6. The Third Amended and Restated Credit Agreement includes a $400 million tranche that may be borrowed by QVC or zulily. Under the terms of the Third Amended and Restated Credit Agreement, QVC and zulily are jointly and severally liable for all amounts borrowed on the $400 million tranche. In accordance with the accounting guidance for obligations resulting from joint and several liability arrangements, QVC will record a liability for amounts it has borrowed under the credit facility plus any additional amount it expects to repay on behalf of zulily. As of June 30, 2018, there were no loans outstanding by zulily on the $400 million tranche of the Third Amended and Restated Credit Agreement.
On December 29, 2017, Qurate Retail completed the acquisition of the remaining 62% ownership interest of HSN in an all-stock transaction. HSN is not included in the results of operations or financial position of QVC presented in the Company's condensed consolidated financial statements. During the six months ended June 30, 2018, QVC and HSN engaged in transactions relating to personnel, sales, sourcing of merchandise, marketing initiatives, business advisory services, and software development. The gross value of these transactions totaled $14 million, which did not have a material impact on QVC's financial position, results of operations, or liquidity.
The condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of QVC, Inc. and its majority-owned subsidiaries. All significant intercompany accounts and transactions were eliminated in consolidation.
The accompanying (a) condensed consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2017, which has been derived from audited financial statements, and (b) the interim unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles ("U.S. GAAP") for interim financial information and the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X as promulgated by the Securities and Exchange Commission. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by U.S. GAAP for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring accruals) considered necessary for a fair presentation of the results for such periods have been included. The results of operations for any interim period are not necessarily indicative of results for the full year. These condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto contained in QVC's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017.
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Estimates include, but are not limited to, sales returns, uncollectible receivables, inventory obsolescence, medical and other benefit related costs, depreciable lives of fixed assets, internally-developed software, valuation of acquired intangible assets and goodwill, income taxes and stock‑based compensation.

I-7

Table of Contents
QVC, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (continued)
(unaudited)

Adoption of new accounting pronouncements
On May 28, 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, which requires an entity to recognize the amount of revenue to which it expects to be entitled for the transfer of promised goods or services to customers. This new guidance also requires additional disclosure about the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from customer contracts, including significant judgments, changes in judgments and assets recognized from costs incurred to obtain or fulfill a contract. In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-08, which clarifies principal versus agent considerations, in April 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-10, which clarifies the identification of performance obligations and the implementation guidance for licensing, and in May 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-12, which clarifies assessing collectibility, presentation of sales taxes, noncash consideration, and completed contracts and contract modifications at transition. On January 1, 2018, the Company adopted the new accounting standard ASC 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, and all related amendments ("ASC 606") to all contracts using the modified retrospective method. The Company recognized the cumulative effect of initially applying the new revenue standard as a $14 million adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings. The comparative information has not been restated and continues to be reported under the accounting standards in effect for those periods. The Company does not expect the adoption of the new revenue standard to have a material impact to its net income on an ongoing basis. Refer to the table below for the adoption of this guidance.
In October 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-16, Income Taxes (Topic 740): Intra-Entity Transfers of Assets Other Than Inventory, which requires an entity to recognize at the transaction date the income tax consequences of intercompany asset transfers other than inventory. The guidance is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2017, with early adoption permitted. The Company adopted this guidance on January 1, 2018 and there was no significant effect of the standard on its condensed consolidated financial statements.

The cumulative effect of the changes due to the adoption of ASC 606 and ASU No. 2016-16 were as follows:
(in millions)
Balance at December 31, 2017
Adjustments Due to ASC 606
Adjustments Due to ASU 2016-16
Balance at January 1, 2018
Assets:
 
 
 
 
Inventories
$
1,019

(22
)

997

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
51


(1
)
50

 
 
 
 
 
Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
Accrued liabilities
872

(36
)

836

 
 
 
 
 
Equity:
 
 
 
 
Accumulated deficit
$
(2,772
)
14

(1
)
(2,759
)


I-8

Table of Contents
QVC, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (continued)
(unaudited)

In accordance with the new revenue standard requirements, the impact of adoption on our condensed consolidated statements of operations was as follows:
Statements of Operations
Three months ended June 30, 2018
 
Six months ended June 30, 2018
 
(in millions)
As Reported
Balances Without Adoption of ASC 606
Effect of Change Increase/(Decrease)
As Reported
Balances Without Adoption of ASC 606
Effect of Change Increase/(Decrease)
Net revenue
$
2,083

2,062

21

4,176

4,106

70

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Costs and expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cost of goods sold
1,286

1,287

(1
)
2,606

2,597

9

Operating
144

144


289

288

1

Selling, general and administrative, including transaction related costs and stock-based compensation
209

183

26

417

365

52

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income tax expense
(76
)
(77
)
(1
)
(155
)
(153
)
2

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income
$
236

239

(3
)
443

437

6

The effect of changes of adoption is primarily due to the timing of revenue recognition and the classification of income for its QVC-branded credit card ("Q-Card Income"). For the three months and six months ended June 30, 2018, revenue is recognized at the time of shipment to its customers consistent with when control passes and Q-Card Income is recognized in revenue. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2017, revenue was recognized at the time of delivery to the customers and deferred revenue was recorded to account for the shipments in-transit. In addition, Q-Card Income was recognized as an offset to selling, general and administrative expenses. The Company also recognized a separate $51 million asset (included in prepaid expenses and other current assets) related to the expected return of inventory and a $123 million liability (included in accrued liabilities) relating to its sales return reserve at June 30, 2018, instead of the net presentation of the liability that was reported at December 31, 2017 and June 30, 2017.
In January 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-01, Financial Statements - Overall (Subtopic 825-10): Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities, which requires equity investments with readily determinable fair values (except those accounted for under the equity method of accounting or those that result in consolidation) to be measured at fair value with changes in fair value recognized in net income and simplifies the impairment assessment of equity investments without readily determinable fair values by requiring a qualitative assessment to identify impairment. The new standard is effective for the Company for fiscal years and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2017. The Company adopted this guidance during the first quarter of 2018 and there was no significant effect of the standard on its financial reporting.
In August 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-15, Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments, which addresses eight specific cash flow issues to reduce the diversity in practice for appropriate classification on the statement of cash flows. The amendments in this ASU are effective for annual periods, and interim periods within those annual periods, beginning after December 15, 2017 with early adoption permitted. The Company adopted this guidance during the first quarter of 2018 and there was no significant effect of the standard on its condensed consolidated financial statements.
In November 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-18, Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): Restricted Cash, which requires entities to show the changes in the total of cash, cash equivalents, restricted cash and restricted cash equivalents in the statement of cash flows. The guidance is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2017, with early adoption permitted. The Company adopted this guidance during the first quarter of 2018 and has reclassified prior period balances in cash and cash equivalents within the condensed consolidated statements of cash flows in order to conform with current period presentation.

I-9

Table of Contents
QVC, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (continued)
(unaudited)

In May 2017, the FASB issued ASU No. 2017-09, Compensation - Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Scope of Modification Accounting, to provide clarity to which changes to the terms or conditions of a share-based payment award require an entity to apply modification accounting in Topic 718. The amendments in this update are effective for all entities for annual periods, and interim periods within those annual periods, beginning after December 15, 2017 with early adoption permitted. The Company adopted this guidance during the first quarter of 2018 and there was no significant effect of the standard on its condensed consolidated financial statements.
Accounting pronouncements issued but not yet adopted
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842), which revises the accounting treatment related to lessee accounting. Under the new guidance, lessees will be required to recognize a lease liability and a right-of-use asset for all leases. The new lease guidance also simplifies the accounting for sale and leaseback transactions primarily because lessees must recognize lease assets and lease liabilities. The amendments in this ASU are effective for the Company beginning on January 1, 2019 and should be applied through a modified retrospective transition approach for leases existing at, or entered into after, the beginning of the earliest comparative period presented in the financial statements. Early adoption is permitted. While the Company is currently evaluating the effect that the updated standard will have on its ongoing financial reporting, it expects that the operating leases listed in note 7 - Leases will be recognized as right of- use assets and operating lease liabilities on the consolidated balance sheets upon adoption of the new standard.
In February 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-02, Income Statement - Reporting Comprehensive Income (Topic 220), which addresses the effect of the change in the U.S. federal corporate tax rate due to the enactment of the December 22, 2017 Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the "Tax Act") on items within accumulated other comprehensive income (loss). The guidance will be effective for the Company in the first quarter of 2019 with early adoption permitted. The Company is currently assessing the impact that adopting this new accounting standard will have on its consolidated financial statements.


I-10

Table of Contents
QVC, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (continued)
(unaudited)

(2) Television Distribution Rights, Net
Television distribution rights consisted of the following:
(in millions)
June 30, 2018

December 31, 2017

Television distribution rights
$
724

730

Less accumulated amortization
(618
)
(652
)
Television distribution rights, net
$
106

78

The Company recorded amortization expense of $16 million and $52 million for the three months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively, related to television distribution rights. For the six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, amortization expense for television distribution rights was $32 million and $102 million, respectively. The decrease in amortization expense for both periods is primarily due to the end of affiliation agreement terms for contracts in place at the time of Qurate Retail's acquisition of QVC in 2003.
As of June 30, 2018, related amortization expense for each of the next five years ended December 31 was as follows (in millions):
Remainder of 2018
$
27

2019
39

2020
32

2021
7

2022
1

(3) Goodwill
The changes in the carrying amount of goodwill for the six months ended June 30, 2018 were as follows:
(in millions)
QVC-U.S.

QVC-Germany

QVC-Japan

QVC-U.K.

QVC-Italy

Total

Balance as of December 31, 2017
$
4,190

305

269

176

135

5,075

Exchange rate fluctuations

(9
)
4

(5
)
(3
)
(13
)
Balance as of June 30, 2018
$
4,190

296

273

171

132

5,062

(4) Other Intangible Assets, Net
Other intangible assets consisted of the following:
 
June 30, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
 
(in millions)
Gross
cost

Accumulated
amortization

Other intangible assets, net

Gross
cost

Accumulated
amortization

Other intangible assets, net

Purchased and internally developed software
$
737

(586
)
151

710

(548
)
162

Affiliate and customer relationships
2,413

(2,405
)
8

2,419

(2,409
)
10

Debt origination fees
8

(4
)
4

8

(3
)
5

Trademarks (indefinite life)
2,428


2,428

2,428


2,428


$
5,586

(2,995
)
2,591

5,565

(2,960
)
2,605

The Company recorded amortization expense of $22 million and $65 million for the three months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively, related to other intangible assets. For the six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, amortization expense for other intangible assets was $45 million and $131 million, respectively. The decrease in amortization expense for each period is primarily due to the end of affiliation agreement terms for contracts in place at the time of Qurate Retail's acquisition of QVC in 2003.

I-11

Table of Contents
QVC, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (continued)
(unaudited)

As of June 30, 2018, the related amortization and interest expense for each of the next five years ended December 31 was as follows (in millions):
Remainder of 2018
$
50

2019
68

2020
36

2021
9

2022

(5) Accrued Liabilities
Accrued liabilities consisted of the following:
(in millions)
June 30, 2018

December 31, 2017

Accounts payable non-trade
$
196

279

Allowance for sales returns
123

96

Accrued compensation and benefits
87

119

Income taxes
72

128

Accrued interest
59

58

Sales and other taxes
43

71

Deferred revenue
13

58

Other
58

63

 
$
651

872

(6) Long-Term Debt and Capital Lease Obligations
Long-term debt and capital lease obligations consisted of the following:
(in millions)
June 30, 2018

December 31, 2017

3.125% Senior Secured Notes due 2019, net of original issue discount
$
399

399

5.125% Senior Secured Notes due 2022
500

500

4.375% Senior Secured Notes due 2023, net of original issue discount
750

750

4.85% Senior Secured Notes due 2024, net of original issue discount
600

600

4.45% Senior Secured Notes due 2025, net of original issue discount
599

599

5.45% Senior Secured Notes due 2034, net of original issue discount
399

399

5.95% Senior Secured Notes due 2043, net of original issue discount
300

300

Senior secured credit facility
1,335

1,496

Capital lease obligations
78

68

Build to suit lease obligation
100

101

Less debt issuance costs, net
(20
)
(22
)
Total debt and capital lease obligations
5,040

5,190

Less current portion
(417
)
(17
)
Long-term portion of debt and capital lease obligations
$
4,623

5,173



I-12

Table of Contents
QVC, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (continued)
(unaudited)

Senior Secured Notes
All of QVC's senior secured notes are secured by the capital stock of QVC and certain of its subsidiaries and have equal priority to QVC's senior secured credit facility. The interest on all of QVC's senior secured notes is payable semi-annually. At June 30, 2018, the 3.125% Senior Secured Notes due 2019 were reclassified from long-term portion of debt and capital lease obligation to current portion, as they mature in less than one year from June 30, 2018.
Senior Secured Credit Facility
On June 23, 2016, QVC entered into the Third Amended and Restated Credit Agreement with zulily as borrowers (collectively, the “Borrowers”), which is a multi-currency facility that provides for a $2.65 billion revolving credit facility with a $300 million sub-limit for standby letters of credit and $1.5 billion of uncommitted incremental revolving loan commitments or incremental term loans. The Third Amended and Restated Credit Agreement includes a $400 million tranche that may be borrowed by the Company or zulily with an additional $50 million sub-limit for standby letters of credit (see note 1). The remaining $2.25 billion and any incremental loans may be borrowed only by the Company. Borrowings that are alternate base rate loans will bear interest at a per annum rate equal to the base rate plus a margin that varies between 0.25% and 0.75% depending on the Borrowers’ combined ratio of Consolidated Total Debt to Consolidated EBITDA for the most recent four fiscal quarter periods (the “Combined Consolidated Leverage Ratio”). Borrowings that are London Interbank Offered Rate ("LIBOR") loans will bear interest at a per annum rate equal to the applicable LIBOR rate plus a margin that varies between 1.25% and 1.75% depending on the Borrowers’ Combined Consolidated Leverage Ratio. Each loan may be prepaid at any time and from time to time without penalty other than customary breakage costs. No mandatory prepayments will be required other than when borrowings and letter of credit usage exceed availability; provided that, if zulily ceases to be controlled by Qurate Retail, all of its loans must be repaid and its letters of credit cash collateralized. The facility matures on June 23, 2021, except that $140 million of the $2.25 billion commitment available to QVC matures on March 9, 2020. Any amounts prepaid on the revolving facility may be reborrowed. Payment of loans may be accelerated following certain customary events of default.

QVC had $1,305 million, including the remaining portion of the $400 million tranche that zulily may also borrow on, available under the terms of the Third Amended and Restated Credit Agreement at June 30, 2018. The interest rate on the Third Amended and Restated Credit Agreement was 3.5% at June 30, 2018.
The payment and performance of the Borrowers’ obligations under the Third Amended and Restated Credit Agreement are guaranteed by each of QVC’s Material Domestic Subsidiaries (as defined in the Third Amended and Restated Credit Agreement). Further, the borrowings under the Third Amended and Restated Credit Agreement are secured, pari passu with QVC’s existing notes, by a pledge of all of QVC's equity interests. The payment and performance of the Borrowers’ obligations with respect to the $400 million tranche available to both QVC and zulily are also guaranteed by each of zulily’s Material Domestic Subsidiaries (as defined in the Third Amended and Restated Credit Agreement), if any, and are secured by a pledge of all of zulily’s equity interests.

The Third Amended and Restated Credit Agreement contains certain affirmative and negative covenants, including certain restrictions on the Company and zulily and each of their respective restricted subsidiaries (subject to certain exceptions) with respect to, among other things: incurring additional indebtedness; creating liens on property or assets; making certain loans or investments; selling or disposing of assets; paying certain dividends and other restricted payments; dissolving, consolidating or merging; entering into certain transactions with affiliates; entering into sale or leaseback transactions; restricting subsidiary distributions; and limiting the Company’s consolidated leverage ratio and the Borrowers’ Combined Consolidated Leverage Ratio.
Interest Rate Swap Arrangements
During the year ended December 31, 2016, QVC entered into a three-year interest rate swap arrangement with a notional amount of $125 million to mitigate the interest rate risk associated with interest payments related to its variable rate debt. The swap arrangement does not qualify as a cash flow hedge under U.S. GAAP. Accordingly, changes in the fair value of the swap are reflected in gain on financial instruments in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of operations. At June 30, 2018, the fair value of the swap instrument was in a net asset position of approximately $2 million which was included in prepaid expenses and other current assets.

I-13

Table of Contents
QVC, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (continued)
(unaudited)

Other Debt Related Information
QVC was in compliance with all of its debt covenants at June 30, 2018.
During the quarter, there were no significant changes to QVC's debt credit ratings.
The weighted average interest rate applicable to all of the outstanding debt (excluding capital and build to suit leases) prior to amortization of bond discounts and related debt issuance costs was 4.4% as of June 30, 2018.
(7) Leases
Future minimum payments under noncancelable operating leases and capital leases with initial terms of one year or more and the lease related to the Company's California distribution center (build to suit lease) at June 30, 2018 consisted of the following:
(in millions)
Capital Leases

Operating leases

Build to suit lease

Remainder of 2018
$
8

10

2

2019
15

17

6

2020
12

14

6

2021
11

11

6

2022
10

10

6

Thereafter
29

75

58

Total
$
85

137

84

The Company has entered into fifteen separate capital lease agreements with transponder and transmitter network suppliers to transmit its signals in the U.S., Germany and France at an aggregate monthly cost of $1 million. The Company is also party to a capital lease agreement for data processing hardware. Depreciation expense related to the capital leases was $4 million and $3 million for the three months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively. For the six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, depreciation expense related to the capital leases was $8 million and $6 million, respectively. Total future minimum capital lease payments of $85 million include $7 million of imputed interest. The transponder service agreements for our U.S. transponders expire between 2018 and 2023. The transponder and transmitter network service agreements for our international transponders expire between 2019 and 2027.
Expenses for operating leases, principally for data processing equipment, facilities, satellite uplink service agreements and the California distribution center land, amounted to $6 million for each of the three months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017 and $12 million for each of the six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017.
On July 2, 2015, QVC entered into a lease (the “Lease”) for a California distribution center. Pursuant to the Lease, the landlord built an approximately one million square foot rental building in Ontario, California (the “Premises”), and thereafter leased the Premises to QVC as its new California distribution center for an initial term of 15 years. Under the Lease, QVC is required to pay an initial base rent of approximately $6 million per year, increasing to approximately $8 million per year by the final year of the initial term, as well as all real estate taxes and other building operating costs. QVC also has an option to extend the term of the Lease for up to two consecutive terms of 10 years each.
The Company concluded that it was the deemed owner (for accounting purposes only) of the Premises during the construction period under build to suit lease accounting.
QVC has the right to purchase the Premises and related land from the landlord by entering into an amended and restated agreement at any time during the twenty-fifth or twenty-sixth months of the Lease's initial term, which occurs in July and August of 2018, with a $10 million initial payment and annual payments of $12 million over a term of 13 years.

I-14

Table of Contents
QVC, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (continued)
(unaudited)

On August 29, 2016, the California distribution center officially opened. The Company evaluated whether the Lease met the criteria for "sale-leaseback" treatment under U.S. GAAP and concluded that it did not. Therefore, the Company treats the Lease as a financing obligation and lease payments are attributed to: (1) a reduction of the principal financing obligation; (2) imputed interest expense; and (3) land lease expense representing an imputed cost to lease the underlying land of the Premises. In addition, the building asset is being depreciated over its estimated useful life of 20 years. Although the Company did not begin making monthly lease payments pursuant to the Lease until February 2017, the portion of the lease obligations allocated to the land has been treated for accounting purposes as an operating lease that commenced in 2015. If the Company does not exercise its right to purchase the Premises and related land, the Company will derecognize both the net book values of the asset and the financing obligation at the conclusion of the lease term.
(8) Revenue
Disaggregated revenue by segment and product category consisted of the following:


Three months ended June 30, 2018
 
Six months ended June 30, 2018
 
(in millions)
QVC-U.S.

QVC-International

Total

QVC-U.S.

QVC-International

Total

Home
$
454

235

689

953

495

1,448

Apparel
332

116

448

612

235

847

Beauty
250

158

408

489

302

791

Accessories
194

72

266

380

139

519

Jewelry
76

48

124

171

103

274

Electronics
88

22

110

175

48

223

Other revenue
33

5

38

64

10

74

Total net revenue
$
1,427

656

2,083

2,844

1,332

4,176


Consumer Product Revenue and Other Revenue

QVC's revenue includes sales of consumer products in the following categories; home, apparel, beauty, accessories, electronics and jewelry, which are primarily sold through live merchandise-focused televised shopping programs and via our websites and other interactive media.

Other revenue consists primarily of income generated from our U.S. QVC-branded credit card ("Q-Card") in which a large consumer financial services company provides revolving credit directly to QVC's customers for the sole purpose of purchasing merchandise or services with a Q-Card. In return, the Company receives a portion of the net economics of the credit card program.

Revenue Recognition

For the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, revenue is recognized when obligations with our customers are satisfied; generally this occurs at the time of shipment to our customers consistent with when control of the shipped product passes. The recognized revenue reflects the consideration we expect to receive in exchange for transferring goods, net of allowances for returns.

The Company generally recognizes revenue related to the Q-Card over time as the Q-Card is used by QVC's customers.

Sales, value add, use and other taxes we collect concurrent with revenue-producing activities are excluded from revenue.


I-15

Table of Contents
QVC, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (continued)
(unaudited)

The Company has elected to treat shipping and handling activities that occur after the customer obtains control of the goods as a fulfillment cost and not as a promised good or service. Accordingly, the Company accrues the related shipping costs and recognizes revenue upon delivery of the goods to the shipping carrier. In electing this accounting policy, all shipping and handling activities will be treated as fulfillment costs.

The Company generally has payment terms with its customers of one year or less and has elected the practical expedient applicable to such contracts not to consider the time value of money.

Significant Judgments

Our products are generally sold with a right of return for up to 30 days after the date of shipment and we may provide other credits or incentives, which are accounted for as variable consideration when estimating the amount of revenue to recognize. Returns and credits are estimated at contract inception and updated at the end of each reporting period as additional information becomes available. The Company has determined that it is generally the principal in vendor arrangements as the Company can establish control over the goods prior to shipment. Accordingly, the Company records revenue for these arrangements on a gross basis.

(9) Income Taxes
The Company calculates its interim income tax provision by applying its best estimate of the annual expected effective tax rate to its ordinary year-to-date income or loss. The tax or benefit related to significant, unusual or extraordinary items that will be separately reported or reported net of their related tax effect are individually computed and recognized in the interim period in which those items occur.
The computation of the annual estimated effective tax rate at each interim period requires certain estimates and significant judgment including, but not limited to, the expected operating income for the year, projections of the proportion of income earned and taxed in foreign jurisdictions, permanent and temporary differences as a result of differences between amounts measured and recognized in accordance with tax laws and financial accounting standards, and the likelihood of recovering deferred tax assets. The accounting estimates used to compute the provision for income taxes may change as new events occur, additional information is obtained or as the tax environment changes. To the extent that the estimated annual effective tax rate changes during a quarter, the effect of the change on the prior quarters is included in the tax expense for the current quarter.
For the three months ended June 30, 2018 and June 30, 2017, the Company recorded a tax provision of $76 million and $90 million, which represented an effective tax rate of 24.4% and 37.3%, respectively. For the six months ended June 30, 2018 and June 30, 2017, the Company recorded a tax provision of $155 million and $167 million, which represented an effective tax rate of 25.9% and 36.9%, respectively. The Tax Act, enacted in 2017, made broad and complex changes to the U.S. tax code which included a lowering of the U.S. federal corporate income tax rate from 35% to 21% effective January 1, 2018, changes in how foreign earnings are taxed in the U.S., the limitation on the deduction of net interest expense and other changes. The reduction to the 2018 effective tax rate is a result of these changes from the Tax Act. The 2018 rate differs from the U.S. federal income tax rate of 21% due primarily to state and foreign tax expenses. The 2017 rate differs from the U.S. federal income tax rate of 35% due primarily to state tax expense.
QVC is party to ongoing discussions with the Internal Revenue Service under the Compliance Assurance Process audit program. The Company files Federal tax returns on a consolidated basis with its parent company, Qurate Retail. The Company, or one of its subsidiaries, files income tax returns in various states and foreign jurisdictions. As of June 30, 2018, the Company, or one of its subsidiaries, was under examination in California, New York State, and Pennsylvania.
The Company is a party to a Tax Liability Allocation and Indemnification Agreement (the “Tax Agreement”) with Qurate Retail. The Tax Agreement establishes the methodology for the calculation and payment of income taxes in connection with the consolidation of the Company with Qurate Retail for income tax purposes. Generally, the Tax Agreement provides that the Company will pay Qurate Retail an amount equal to the tax liability, if any, that it would have if it were to file as a consolidated group separate and apart from Qurate Retail, with exceptions for the treatment and timing of certain items, including but not limited to deferred intercompany transactions, credits, and net operating and capital losses. To the extent that the separate company tax expense is different from the payment terms of the Tax Agreement, the difference is recorded as either a dividend or capital contribution.

I-16

Table of Contents
QVC, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (continued)
(unaudited)

The amounts of the tax-related balances due to Qurate Retail at June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 were $4 million and $60 million, respectively. These amounts were included in accrued liabilities in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets.
(10) Commitments and Contingencies
The Company has contingent liabilities related to legal and tax proceedings and other matters arising in the ordinary course of business. Although it is reasonably possible the Company may incur losses upon conclusion of such matters, an estimate of any loss or range of loss cannot be made. In the opinion of management, it is expected that the amounts, if any, which may be required to satisfy such contingencies will not be material in relation to the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements.
Network and information systems, including the Internet and telecommunication systems, third party delivery services and other technologies are critical to QVC's business activities. Substantially all of QVC's customer orders, fulfillment and delivery services are dependent upon the use of network and information systems, including the use of third party telecommunication and delivery service providers. If information systems including the Internet or telecommunication services are disrupted, or if the third party delivery services experience a disruption in their transportation delivery services, the Company could face a significant disruption in fulfilling QVC's customer orders and shipment of QVC's products. The Company has active disaster recovery programs in place to help mitigate risks associated with these critical business activities.
(11) Financial Instruments and Fair Value Measurements
For assets and liabilities required to be reported or disclosed at fair value, U.S. GAAP provides a hierarchy that prioritizes inputs to valuation techniques used to measure fair value into three broad levels. Level 1 inputs are quoted market prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities that the reporting entity has the ability to access at the measurement date. Level 2 inputs, other than quoted market prices included within Level 1, are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly. Level 3 inputs are unobservable inputs for the asset or liability.
The Company's assets and liabilities measured or disclosed at fair value were as follows:


Fair value measurements at June 30, 2018 using
 
(in millions)
Total

Quoted prices
in active markets for identical assets
(Level 1)

Significant other
observable inputs
(Level 2)

Significant
unobservable
inputs
(Level 3)

Current assets:




Cash equivalents
$
234

234



Interest rate swap arrangements
2


2


Long-term liabilities:




Debt (note 6)
4,814


4,814



I-17

Table of Contents
QVC, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (continued)
(unaudited)



Fair value measurements at December 31, 2017 using
 
(in millions)
Total

Quoted prices
in active markets for identical assets
(Level 1)

Significant other observable inputs
(Level 2)

Significant unobservable
inputs
(Level 3)

Current assets:




Cash equivalents
$
42

42



Noncurrent assets:








Interest rate swap arrangements
2


2


Long-term liabilities:








Debt (note 6)
5,132


5,132


The majority of the Company's Level 2 financial liabilities are debt instruments with quoted market prices that are not considered to be traded on "active markets," as defined in U.S. GAAP. Accordingly, the financial instruments are reported in the foregoing tables as Level 2 fair value instruments.
During the year ended December 31, 2016, QVC entered into a three-year interest rate swap arrangement with a notional amount of $125 million to mitigate the interest rate risk associated with interest payments related to its variable rate debt. The swap arrangement does not qualify as a cash flow hedge under U.S. GAAP. Accordingly, changes in the fair value of the swap are reflected in gain on financial instruments in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of operations. At June 30, 2018, the fair value of the swap instrument was in a net asset position of approximately $2 million, which is included in prepaid expenses and other current assets.
(12) Information about QVC's Operating Segments
The Company has identified two reportable operating segments: QVC-U.S. and QVC-International. Both operating segments are retailers of a wide range of consumer products, which are marketed and sold primarily by merchandise-focused televised-shopping programs as well as via the Internet and mobile applications in certain markets.
QVC's chief operating decision maker ("CODM") is QVC's Chief Executive Officer. QVC's CODM has ultimate responsibility for enterprise decisions. QVC's CODM determines, in particular, resource allocation for, and monitors performance of, the consolidated enterprise, QVC-U.S. and QVC-International. The segment managers have responsibility for operating decisions, allocating resources and assessing performance within their respective segments. QVC's CODM relies on internal management reporting that analyzes enterprise results and segment results to the Adjusted OIBDA level (see below).
The Company evaluates performance and makes decisions about allocating resources to its operating segments based on financial measures such as net revenue, Adjusted OIBDA, gross margin, average sales price per unit, number of units shipped and revenue or sales per subscriber equivalent. The Company defines Adjusted OIBDA as revenue less cost of goods sold, operating expenses, and selling, general and administrative expenses (excluding restructuring, integration and advisory fees incurred by QVC as a result of the acquisition of HSN by Qurate Retail on December 29, 2017 ("transaction related costs") and stock-based compensation). The Company believes this measure is an important indicator of the operational strength and performance of its segments, including the ability to service debt and fund capital expenditures. In addition, this measure allows management to view operating results and perform analytical comparisons and benchmarking among the Company's businesses and identify strategies to improve performance. This measure of performance excludes depreciation, amortization, stock-based compensation and transaction related costs that are included in the measurement of operating income pursuant to U.S. GAAP. Accordingly, Adjusted OIBDA should be considered in addition to, but not as a substitute for, operating income, net income, cash flow provided by operating activities and other measures of financial performance prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP.

I-18

Table of Contents
QVC, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (continued)
(unaudited)

Performance measures
 
Three months ended June 30,
 
Six months ended June 30,
 
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
 
(in millions)
Net
revenue

Adjusted
OIBDA

Net
revenue

Adjusted
OIBDA

Net
revenue

Adjusted
OIBDA

Net
revenue

Adjusted
OIBDA

QVC-U.S.
$
1,427

355

1,367

361

2,844

681

2,737

697

QVC-International
656

100

612

107

1,332

207

1,207

205

Consolidated QVC
$
2,083

455

1,979

468

4,176

888

3,944

902

Other information
 
Three months ended June 30,
 
Six months ended June 30,
 
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
 
(in millions)
Depreciation

Amortization

Depreciation

Amortization

Depreciation

Amortization

Depreciation

Amortization

QVC-U.S.
$
23

35

22

105

46

71

46

210

QVC-International
13

3

15

12

28

6

32

23

Consolidated QVC
$
36

38

37

117

74

77

78

233


June 30, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
 
(in millions)
Total
assets

Capital
expenditures

Total
assets

Capital
expenditures

QVC-U.S.
$
9,191

42

9,429

116

QVC-International
2,148

26

2,121

36

Consolidated QVC
$
11,339

68

11,550

152

Property and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation, by segment were as follows:
(in millions)
June 30, 2018

December 31, 2017

QVC-U.S.
$
528

559

QVC-International
451

446

Consolidated QVC
$
979

1,005

The following table provides a reconciliation of Adjusted OIBDA to income before income taxes:
 
Three months ended June 30,
 
Six months ended June 30,
 
(in millions)
2018

2017

2018

2017

Adjusted OIBDA
$
455

468

888

902

Transaction related costs


(4
)

Stock-based compensation
(11
)
(8
)
(20
)
(14
)
Depreciation and amortization
(74
)
(154
)
(151
)
(311
)
Equity in losses of investee
(2
)
(1
)
(1
)
(3
)
Interest expense, net
(58
)
(56
)
(115
)
(111
)
Foreign currency gain (loss)
2

(8
)
1

(10
)
Income before income taxes
$
312

241

598

453


I-19

Table of Contents
QVC, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (continued)
(unaudited)

(13) Other Comprehensive (Loss) Income
The change in the component of accumulated other comprehensive loss, net of taxes ("AOCL"), is summarized as follows:
(in millions)
Foreign currency translation adjustments

AOCL

Balance at January 1, 2018
$
(93
)
(93
)
Other comprehensive loss attributable to QVC, Inc. stockholder
(28
)
(28
)
Balance at June 30, 2018
(121
)
(121
)
 
 
 
Balance at January 1, 2017
$
(224
)
(224
)
Other comprehensive income attributable to QVC, Inc. stockholder
78

78

Balance at June 30, 2017
(146
)
(146
)
The component of other comprehensive (loss) income is reflected in QVC's condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive income, net of taxes. The following table summarizes the tax effects related to the component of other comprehensive (loss) income:
(in millions)
Before-tax amount

Tax (expense) benefit

Net-of-tax amount

Three months ended June 30, 2018
 
 
 
Foreign currency translation adjustments
$
(97
)
1

(96
)
Other comprehensive loss
(97
)
1

(96
)
 
 
 
 
Three months ended June 30, 2017
 
 
 
Foreign currency translation adjustments
$
54

1

55

Other comprehensive income
54

1

55

 
 
 
 
Six months ended June 30, 2018:



Foreign currency translation adjustments
$
(26
)

(26
)
Other comprehensive loss
(26
)

(26
)

 
 
 
Six months ended June 30, 2017:



Foreign currency translation adjustments
$
101

(19
)
82

Other comprehensive income
101

(19
)
82


(14) Subsequent Event
Subsequent to June 30, 2018, QVC declared and paid dividends to Qurate Retail in the amount of $45 million.


I-20

Table of Contents
QVC, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (continued)
(unaudited)

(15) Guarantor/Non-guarantor Subsidiary Financial Information
The following information contains the condensed consolidating financial statements for the Company, the parent on a stand-alone basis (QVC, Inc.), the combined subsidiary guarantors (Affiliate Relations Holdings, Inc.; Affiliate Investment, Inc.; AMI 2, Inc.; ER Marks, Inc.; QVC Rocky Mount, Inc.; QVC San Antonio, LLC; QVC Global Holdings I, Inc.; and QVC Global Holdings II, Inc.) and the combined non-guarantor subsidiaries pursuant to Rule 3-10 of Regulation S-X.
In connection with the Third Amended and Restated Credit Agreement in June 2016 (see notes 1 and 6), QVC International Ltd is no longer a guarantor subsidiary, and is reflected with the combined non-guarantor subsidiaries.
These condensed consolidating financial statements have been prepared from the Company's financial information on the same basis of accounting as the Company's condensed consolidated financial statements. The principal elimination entries relate to investments in subsidiaries and intercompany balances and transactions, such as management fees, royalty revenue and expense, interest income and expense and gains on intercompany asset transfers. Goodwill and other intangible assets have been allocated to the subsidiaries based on management’s estimates. Certain costs have been partially allocated to all of the subsidiaries of the Company.
The subsidiary guarantors are 100% owned by the Company. All guarantees are full and unconditional and are joint and several. There are no significant restrictions on the ability of the Company to obtain funds from its U.S. subsidiaries, including the guarantors, by dividend or loan. The Company has not presented separate notes and other disclosures concerning the subsidiary guarantors as the Company has determined that such material information is available in the notes to the Company's condensed consolidated financial statements.

I-21

Table of Contents
QVC, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (continued)
(unaudited)

Condensed Consolidating Balance Sheets
June 30, 2018
 
(in millions)
Parent
issuer-
QVC, Inc.

Combined
subsidiary
guarantors

Combined
non-guarantor
subsidiaries

Eliminations

Consolidated-
QVC, Inc. and
subsidiaries

Assets
Current assets:





Cash and cash equivalents
$
24

162

299


485

Restricted cash
5


3


8

Accounts receivable, net
635


261


896

Inventories
775


263


1,038

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
60


54


114

Total current assets
1,499

162

880


2,541

Property and equipment, net
274

56

649


979

Television distribution rights, net

105

1


106

Goodwill
4,190


872


5,062

Other intangible assets, net
526

2,048

17


2,591

Other noncurrent assets
11


49


60

Investments in subsidiaries
3,732

1,622


(5,354
)

Total assets
$
10,232

3,993

2,468

(5,354
)
11,339

Liabilities and equity
Current liabilities:





Current portion of debt and capital lease obligations
$
403


14


417

Accounts payable-trade
367


229


596

Accrued liabilities
115

208

328


651

Intercompany accounts payable (receivable)
367

(1,477
)
1,110



Total current liabilities
1,252

(1,269
)
1,681


1,664

Long-term portion of debt and capital lease obligations
4,473


150


4,623

Deferred income taxes
66

466

(56
)

476

Other long-term liabilities
95


24


119

Total liabilities
5,886

(803
)
1,799


6,882

Equity:





QVC, Inc. stockholder's equity
4,346

4,796

558

(5,354
)
4,346

Noncontrolling interest


111


111

Total equity
4,346

4,796

669

(5,354
)
4,457

Total liabilities and equity
$
10,232

3,993

2,468

(5,354
)
11,339



I-22

Table of Contents
QVC, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (continued)
(unaudited)

Condensed Consolidating Balance Sheets
December 31, 2017
 
(in millions)
Parent
issuer-
QVC, Inc.

Combined
subsidiary
guarantors

Combined
non-guarantor
subsidiaries

Eliminations

Consolidated-
QVC, Inc. and
subsidiaries

Assets
Current assets:





Cash and cash equivalents
$
2

33

225


260

Restricted cash
5


3


8

Accounts receivable, net
1,076


312


1,388

Inventories
758


261


1,019

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
28


23


51

Total current assets
1,869

33

824


2,726

Property and equipment, net
295

60

650


1,005

Television distribution rights, net

78



78

Goodwill
4,190


885


5,075

Other intangible assets, net
539

2,048

18


2,605

Other noncurrent assets
14


47


61

Investments in subsidiaries
3,579

1,626


(5,205
)

Total assets
$
10,486

3,845

2,424

(5,205
)
11,550

Liabilities and equity
Current liabilities:





Current portion of debt and capital lease obligations
$
3


14


17

Accounts payable-trade
455


301


756

Accrued liabilities
366

227

279


872

Intercompany accounts payable (receivable)
453

(1,513
)
1,060



Total current liabilities
1,277

(1,286
)
1,654


1,645

Long-term portion of debt and capital lease obligations
5,033


140


5,173

Deferred income taxes
52

468

(47
)

473

Other long-term liabilities
92


25


117

Total liabilities
6,454

(818
)
1,772


7,408

Equity:





QVC, Inc. stockholder's equity
4,032

4,663

542

(5,205
)
4,032

Noncontrolling interest


110


110

Total equity
4,032

4,663

652

(5,205
)
4,142

Total liabilities and equity
$
10,486

3,845

2,424

(5,205
)
11,550


I-23

Table of Contents
QVC, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (continued)
(unaudited)

Condensed Consolidating Statements of Operations
Three months ended June 30, 2018
 
(in millions)
Parent
issuer-
QVC, Inc.

Combined
subsidiary
guarantors

Combined
non-guarantor
subsidiaries

Eliminations

Consolidated-
QVC, Inc. and
subsidiaries

Net revenue
$
1,460

218

704

(299
)
2,083

Operating costs and expenses:







Cost of goods sold (exclusive of depreciation and amortization shown separately below)
858

32

433

(37
)
1,286

Operating
97

58

70

(81
)
144

Selling, general and administrative, including transaction related costs and stock-based compensation
273

1

116

(181
)
209

Depreciation
17

2

17


36

Amortization
19

17

2


38


1,264

110

638

(299
)
1,713

Operating income
196

108

66


370

Other (expense) income:





Equity in losses of investee


(2
)

(2
)
Interest expense, net
(57
)
1

(2
)

(58
)
Foreign currency gain (loss)
6


(4
)

2

Intercompany interest (expense) income
(8
)
38

(30
)



(59
)
39

(38
)

(58
)
Income before income taxes
137

147

28


312

Income tax expense
(38
)
(25
)
(13
)

(76
)
Equity in earnings of subsidiaries, net of tax
137

9


(146
)

Net income
236

131

15

(146
)
236

Less net income attributable to the noncontrolling interest
(11
)

(11
)
11

(11
)
Net income attributable to QVC, Inc. stockholder
$
225

131

4

(135
)
225


I-24

Table of Contents
QVC, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (continued)
(unaudited)

Condensed Consolidating Statements of Operations
Three months ended June 30, 2017
 
(in millions)
Parent
issuer-
QVC, Inc.

Combined
subsidiary
guarantors

Combined
non-guarantor
subsidiaries

Eliminations

Consolidated-
QVC, Inc. and
subsidiaries

Net revenue
$
1,402

220

660

(303
)
1,979

Operating costs and expenses:










Cost of goods sold (exclusive of depreciation and amortization shown separately below)
838

32

397

(37
)
1,230

Operating
95

60

66

(84
)
137

Selling, general and administrative, including transaction related costs and stock-based compensation
239


95

(182
)
152

Depreciation
16

2

19


37

Amortization
60

45

12


117


1,248

139

589

(303
)
1,673

Operating income
154

81

71


306

Other (expense) income:
 
 
 
 
 
Equity in losses of investee


(1
)

(1
)
Interest expense, net
(54
)

(2
)

(56
)
Foreign currency loss
(2
)

(6
)

(8
)
Intercompany interest (expense) income
(1
)
23

(22
)



(57
)
23

(31
)

(65
)
Income before income taxes
97

104

40


241

Income tax expense
(39
)
(32
)
(19
)

(90
)
Equity in earnings of subsidiaries, net of tax
93

(2
)

(91
)

Net income
151

70

21

(91
)
151

Less net income attributable to the noncontrolling interest
(10
)

(10
)
10

(10
)
Net income attributable to QVC, Inc. stockholder
$
141

70

11

(81
)
141


I-25

Table of Contents
QVC, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (continued)
(unaudited)

Condensed Consolidating Statements of Operations
Six months ended June 30, 2018
 
(in millions)
Parent
issuer-
QVC, Inc.

Combined
subsidiary
guarantors

Combined
non-guarantor
subsidiaries

Eliminations

Consolidated-
QVC, Inc. and
subsidiaries

Net revenue
$
2,915

441

1,432

(612
)
4,176

Operating costs and expenses:





Cost of goods sold (exclusive of depreciation and amortization shown separately below)
1,736

67

880

(77
)
2,606

Operating
199

116

144

(170
)
289

Selling, general and administrative, including transaction related costs and stock-based compensation
552

1

229

(365
)
417

Depreciation
33

5

36


74

Amortization
39

33

5


77

 
2,559

222

1,294

(612
)
3,463

Operating income
356

219

138


713

Other (expense) income:
 
 
 
 
 
Equity in losses of investee


(1
)

(1
)
Interest expense, net
(114
)
1

(2
)

(115
)
Foreign currency gain (loss)
2


(1
)

1

Intercompany interest (expense) income
(15
)
76

(61
)



(127
)
77

(65
)

(115
)
Income before income taxes
229

296

73


598

Income tax expense
(60
)
(59
)
(36
)

(155
)
Equity in earnings of subsidiaries, net of tax
274

34


(308
)

Net income
443

271

37

(308
)
443

Less net income attributable to the noncontrolling interest
(22
)

(22
)
22

(22
)
Net income attributable to QVC, Inc. stockholder
$
421

271

15

(286
)
421


I-26

Table of Contents
QVC, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (continued)
(unaudited)

Condensed Consolidating Statements of Operations
Six months ended June 30, 2017
 
(in millions)
Parent
issuer-
QVC, Inc.

Combined
subsidiary
guarantors

Combined
non-guarantor
subsidiaries

Eliminations

Consolidated-
QVC, Inc. and
subsidiaries

Net revenue
$
2,806

445

1,304

(611
)
3,944

Operating costs and expenses:





Cost of goods sold (exclusive of depreciation and amortization shown separately below)
1,693

69

788

(77
)
2,473

Operating
195

118

134

(173
)
274

Selling, general and administrative, including transaction related costs and stock-based compensation
481


189

(361
)
309

Depreciation
33

4

41


78

Amortization
120

90

23


233


2,522

281

1,175

(611
)
3,367

Operating income
284

164

129


577

Other (expense) income:





Equity in losses of investee


(3
)

(3
)
Interest expense, net
(109
)

(2
)

(111
)
Foreign currency loss
(3
)

(7
)

(10
)
Intercompany interest (expense) income
(2
)
45

(43
)



(114
)
45

(55
)

(124
)
Income before income taxes
170

209

74


453

Income tax expense
(71
)
(62
)
(34
)

(167
)
Equity in earnings of subsidiaries, net of tax
187

15


(202
)

Net income
286

162

40

(202
)
286

Less net income attributable to the noncontrolling interest
(21
)

(21
)
21

(21
)
Net income attributable to QVC, Inc. stockholder
$
265

162

19

(181
)
265




I-27

Table of Contents
QVC, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (continued)
(unaudited)

Condensed Consolidating Statements of Comprehensive Income
Three months ended June 30, 2018
 
(in millions)
Parent
issuer-
QVC, Inc.

Combined
subsidiary
guarantors

Combined
non-guarantor
subsidiaries

Eliminations

Consolidated-
QVC, Inc. and
subsidiaries

Net income
$
236

131

15

(146
)
236

Foreign currency translation adjustments, net of tax
(96
)

(96
)
96

(96
)
Total comprehensive income
140

131

(81
)
(50
)
140

Comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interest
(6
)

(6
)
6

(6
)
Comprehensive income attributable to QVC, Inc. stockholder
$
134

131

(87
)
(44
)
134


Condensed Consolidating Statements of Comprehensive Income
Three months ended June 30, 2017
 
(in millions)
Parent
issuer-
QVC, Inc.

Combined
subsidiary
guarantors

Combined
non-guarantor
subsidiaries

Eliminations

Consolidated-
QVC, Inc. and
subsidiaries

Net income
$
151

70

21

(91
)
151

Foreign currency translation adjustments, net of tax
55


55

(55
)
55

Total comprehensive income
206

70

76

(146
)
206

Comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interest
(8
)

(8
)
8

(8
)
Comprehensive income attributable to QVC, Inc. stockholder
$
198

70

68

(138
)
198







I-28

Table of Contents
QVC, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (continued)
(unaudited)

Condensed Consolidating Statements of Comprehensive Income
Six months ended June 30, 2018
 
(in millions)
Parent
issuer-
QVC, Inc.

Combined
subsidiary
guarantors

Combined
non-guarantor
subsidiaries

Eliminations

Consolidated-
QVC, Inc. and
subsidiaries

Net income
$
443

271

37

(308
)
443

Foreign currency translation adjustments, net of tax
(26
)

(26
)
26

(26
)
Total comprehensive income
417

271

11

(282
)
417

Comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interest
(24
)

(24
)
24

(24
)
Comprehensive income attributable to QVC, Inc. stockholder
$
393

271

(13
)
(258
)
393


Condensed Consolidating Statements of Comprehensive Income
Six months ended June 30, 2017
 
(in millions)
Parent
issuer-
QVC, Inc.